Rare calciphilous diatoms from the genus Gomphonema (Bacillariophyta) in lotic waters of SE Poland

Teresa Noga, Anita Poradowska, Łukasz Peszek, Mateusz Rybak

Paper category: Original research paper
Corresponding author: Teresa Noga (tnoga@ur.edu.pl)
DOI: 10.1515/ohs-2018-0004
Received: 23 June 2017
Accepted: 08 September 2017
Full text: here

Abstract

The aim of this work was to present a morphological description and ecological characteristics of a rare species from the Gomphonema genus, occurring in calcium-rich waters, along with its new occurrence sites. The research was carried out in flowing waters of mountain and sub-mountain streams and rivers in Poland: the Wołosaty, the Wisłoka, the San and their tributaries. The occurrence of many rare and new to Polish flora species from the genus Gomphonema was recorded: G. cuneolus E. Reichardt, G. drutelingense E. Reichardt, G. innocens E. Reichardt, G. lateripunctatum E. Reichardt & Lange-Bertalot, G. lippertii E. Reichardt & Lange-Bertalot and G. calcifugum Lange-Bertalot & E. Reichardt. These species occur mostly in alkaline or close-to-neutral waters with medium or low electrolytic conductivity (78–530 µS cm−1), low nutrient content and medium-to-high calcium ion content (12.4–76.4 mg l−1). Despite the rare occurrence in other parts of the world, the studied Gomphonema species has found favorable conditions in unpolluted and calcium-rich stream beds with flysch strata. The literature data define G. calcifugum as a non-calciphilous species, but this study shows that it can develop in a wide pH range and in calcium-rich waters.

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Dr at Department of Soil Studies, Environmental Chemistry and Hydrology, Faculty of Biology and Agriculture, University of Rzeszów, ul. Zelwerowicza 8B, 35-601 Rzeszów, Poland

Taksonomia i ekologia okrzemek słodkowodnych rozwijających się na terenie Podkarpacia w wodach płynących i stojących oraz na terenach torfowiskowych, w siedliskach aerofitycznych, a także w obszarach polarnych.

Department of Landscape Architecture, Faculty of Biology and Agriculture, University of Rzeszów, ul. Ćwiklińskiej 1A, 35-601 Rzeszów, Poland
Podkarpackie Innovative Research Centre of the Environment, Faculty of Biology and Agriculture, University of Rzeszów, ul. Zelwerowicza 8B, 35-601 Rzeszów, Poland
Department of Agroecology, Faculty of Biology and Agriculture, University of Rzeszów, ul. Zelwerowicza 8B, 35-601 Rzeszów, Poland

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