Macroinvertebrate communities on various microhabitats of a saline coal mine settling pond

Agnieszka Sowa, Mariola Krodkiewska, Dariusz Halabowski

Studied settling pond

Paper category: Original research paper
Corresponding author: Agnieszka Sowa (agsowa@us.edu.pl)
DOI: 10.1515/ohs-2018-0006
Received: 9 June 2017
Accepted: 25 August 2017
Full text: here

Abstract

To date, no studies have been conducted on macroinvertebrate communities in coal mine settling ponds used for temporary retention of saline mine waters. The objective of the research was to evaluate which habitat – Ruppia maritima, Phragmites australis or sediments without macrophytes – is the most favorable for the abundance and biomass of macroinvertebrate communities. The study was carried out in a hyposaline settling pond located in a mining and urban area in southern Poland. At this time, it is the only inland locality of R. maritima in Poland.
In the studied coal mine settling pond, the non-native, euryhaline amphipod Gammarus tigrinus dominated in the communities on all the habitats. The abundance of other taxa was small and similar on each type of substrate; only Corixidae were much more abundant on the widgeon grass beds. The highest abundance and biomass of macroinvertebrates was recorded at the sites with
R. maritima. Our study highlights the importance of coal mine settling ponds as a substitute habitat for salt-tolerant invertebrates.

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Department of Hydrobiology, University of Silesia, ul. Bankowa 9, 40-007 Katowice, Poland
Department of Hydrobiology, University of Silesia, ul. Bankowa 9, 40-007 Katowice, Poland
Department of Hydrobiology, University of Silesia, ul. Bankowa 9, 40-007 Katowice, Poland

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